What is web hosting and why do I need it?

For creating a website for your online business, first you need a domain name that will serve as the address of your website. After this, you need web hosting to host your website. You may think, what is web hosting and why do I need it for my website.

Web hosting is one of the most basic things along with a domain name required to create a website. To understand the importance of web hosting in website creation, let’s consider this simple analogy – your website is your online office or store for your business and the domain name is its address.

Understanding web hosting in simple terms

Your website is the virtual location for your business on the internet just like you have a physical office or store for your business in the real world. Also, building a website is very similar to building an office or store for your business.

For building a physical office or store, you need a physical space where it can be constructed. Similarly, your website needs a virtual or online space where it can be created. To make your website, you create some code, images and files and they need some space to be stored. This is where you need web hosting so that whenever anyone opens your website, these files can be called to load on your website.

Web hosting companies provide you with storage space on their server for storing these files and deliver these to the user whenever they enter your domain name in their browser. For this service, you have to pay some amount to the web hosting company as rent. Just like you a rent or purchase fee for your physical office or store.

Why do you need web hosting?

If you want your website to be accessed by everybody and at any time, you need to host it on a server that is up 24×7 and running perfectly. You cannot do it on your own computer as it may run all time, does not have best resources and may not be accessible by everybody.

Web hosting companies provide these resources for your website by hosting them on their servers. They maintain these servers to be up and running 24×7 with best resources so that your website is accessible at all times by anybody. When anybody enter your website’s domain name in their browser, all your website files are delivered by the web host from the server to the user’s browser.

Professional web hosting providers also has all the best security measures in place to protect your website from malware and viruses. When you take web hosting service from a web hosting provider, the server on which your website is hosted is fully managed by the hosting service provider. Thus, you do not have to worry about security and uptime of your website.

Types of web hosting

Basically, web hosting is available in three different forms – shared hosting, dedicated hosting and VPS hosting. You can choose any one based on your website’s requirements.

Shared hosting is the most common type of web hosting. In shared hosting, a server is shared by many websites and it is best for small websites receiving light traffic.

Dedicated hosting is the most high-end hosting service in which a complete server is dedicated for your website and all the resources are for your website alone. Dedicated hosting is good for websites requiring heavy resources and receiving high traffic.

VPS (Virtual Private Server) hosting is a hybrid of shared and dedicated hosting. In VPS hosting, a server is virtually divided to provide some dedicated resources for your website. It gives you the power of a dedicated server at a lower price and it best for websites receiving moderate amount of traffic.

To know which type of hosting is best for your website, you need to first understand and compare types of web hosting in detail.

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